**Course Title:** EE 315 Introduction to Electronic Analysis & Design

**ABET Course Description:** This course focuses on properties of diodes, bipolar transistors, FET and operational amplifiers, analysis of DC and AC small-signal operation and circuit models for the design and analysis of electronic circuits.

**Objectives:** Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

- Analyze circuits containing op amps, resistors, and capacitors
- Use op amps to design amplifiers having precise characteristics
- Understand the operation of the PN junction, diodes, MOSFET transistors, and bipolar junction transistors (BJTs)
- Understand how the voltage between two terminals of the transistor controls the current that flows through the third terminal and the equations that describe these current-voltage characteristics.
- Analyze and design circuits that contain transistors (MOSFET and BJT), resistors, and dc sources
- Make an amplifier using a transistor

**Required Text:**

- Sedra, A., et. al. (2020). Microelectronic Circuits (8th ed.) Oxford University Press. New York.

**Suggested Resources:** (I use these materials/resources frequently…)

- Irwin, J. D., & Nelms, R. M. (2020). Basic engineering circuit analysis. John Wiley & Sons.
- Jaeger, R. C., & Blalock, T. N. (1997). Microelectronic circuit design 3rd New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Wilamowski, B. M., & Irwin, J. D. (2018). Fundamentals of industrial electronics. CRC Press.
- Horowitz, P., Hill, W., & Robinson, I. (1989). The art of electronics (2nd ed.) Cambridge: Cambridge university press.
- TI-89 Calculator (Or equivalent ACT-approved calculator i.e. TI-Nspire CAS)
- MATLAB, Octave, SciPy/NumPy
- LTSPICE or similar SPICE software

**Additional References:**

- Roberge, J. K. (1975). Operational amplifiers: theory and practice (Vol. 197). New York: Wiley.
- Carter, B., & Mancini, R. (2002). Op Amps for everyone. Texas Instruments.
- Pease, R. (1991). Troubleshooting analog circuits. Newnes.

**Co-requisites:** EE 316 (Electric Circuits & Electronic Design Lab) concurrent or after

**Prerequisites:** Directly - EE 213 (Electric Circuit Analysis I), Latently - Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Chemistry I, Physics II, Logic Circuits

*A note on prereq material:* Electronics courses build heavily on previously mastered skills acquired through significant practice in regards to pre-engineering STEM courses and electronic circuit analysis. There can be growing pains as developing engineers transition from demonstrating prereq knowledge in their respective prereq courses and actually applying the prereq knowledge to design and analyze real-world electronic circuits. Some additional thoughts (tutorial support) that may help with ‘connecting the dots’ between undergraduate circuits-related courses and first-time, university-level electronics courses can be found here.

**Suggested ‘second-nature’ skills from prerequisite courses:**

- Basic engineering mathematics:
solving systems of equations, exponential functions, logarithmic functions, complex numbers, rational functions, complex exponential-sinusoidal function relationship

- Using Ohm’s law to find a desired current, voltage or impedance.
- I-V Curves for voltage sources, current sources and resistors.
- Identifying circuit loops to apply KVL to obtain an expression of an unknown voltage.
- Identifying circuit nodes to apply KCL to obtain an expression of an unknown current.
- Mesh and nodal analysis
- Using voltage/current dividers that result in expressions of desired, unknown quantities.
- Recognizing elements in series/parallel and collapsing them into a simplier equivalent circuit.
- Thévenin & Norton equivalent circuits.
- Time-domain/transient RC circuits.
- Laplace transforms (notions for frequency-domain RC circuits).

**Dr. Beal’s Course Statement:** This first electronics course builds on circuits theory to provide useful circuits from operational amplifiers, diodes and transistors.

**Dr. Beal’s Course Description:** Electronics are often designed using a hierarchical methodology. This notion implies that simple, fundamental circuits may be combined to create intricate arrangements that perform sophisticated tasks. Honestly, the practice seems overwhelming for anyone who isn’t familiar with these building blocks. This course is about those building blocks. Simple component configurations can stacked, cascaded, cascoded, nested, and otherwise cleverly arranged to useful, creative, and even surprising effect. Most of the journey starts with voltage dividers, Kirchhoff’s laws, and frequency-dependent elements (capacitors and inductors). If a student can gain fluency with these skills, the study of most op amp circuits can be reasonably straight forward. Next, semiconductors are studied. Solid-state physics models provide intuition towards the microscopic operation of PN junctions, diodes and transistors. Semiconductors included as circuit elements translate these ‘micro-level’ behaviors into ‘macro-level’ observations via bulk quantities like current, voltage, resistance, capacitance, etc. As a result, many indispensable circuits like rectifiers, logic gates and amplifiers may be designed. These new circuit elements provide an introduction to nonlinear elements. Sometimes, nonlinear effects can be linearized. Other instances lead to bugs or features with interesting consequences and new applications. My main goal for this course is to give students a balance of theory, examples, and practical circuits such that they can build high-quality and creative electronics solutions using resistors, capacitors, op amps, diodes and transistors. I generally assign around 7-10 homework assignments (with solutions), give 2 midterm exams (with old exams, solutions, practice material, etc.), and a comprehensive final exam. When possible, I try to build and/or simulate particularly interesting or challenging hardware examples to share with the class.

**Some exciting questions we can answer:**

- What is the difference between a circuits class and an electronics class?
- What can I build using operational amplifiers?
- How do diodes work?
- How do transistors work?
- What can semiconductors do for me?
- How do frequency, noise and power limit electronic designs?
- What can feedback systems do for me?
- What circuits are used to build an operational amplifer?
- If positive feedback is unstable, when can it be useful?
- How can I transform a capacitor into an inductor?
- What compels talented designers to throw computers from rooftops?

**Threads and themes for my electronics course:**

- Nearly all complex circuits are built out of simple design patterns that compound to make something sophisticated.
- Analogies for established patterns (i.e. non-ideal gain is similar to parallel resistors)
- When possible, build it! (Breadboard, PCB, Dead bug, Sculpture, Wire wrap, Protoboard)
- Feedback often improves designs.
- Real-world signals are analog, even the digital ones.
- Positive feedback leads to many interesting circuits and solves many practical problems.
- Circuits behave in both time-domain
ANDfrequency-domain.- Numerical simulations (yes, SPICE) can and will
LIEto you.- Inverters → Logic Gates → Digital Latches/Memory
- Progression of Comparators → Schmitt Triggers → Relaxation Oscillators (Astable Multivibrators) → One-shot Circuits (Monostable Multivibrators) → Analog Latching Memory
- Active circuits can be used to transform and even synthesize new elements.

**Notional Schedule of Topics & Assignments:**

Meeting | Topics Covered | Course Objectives |
---|---|---|

Prereq Review |
HW 0 | |

Module 01: Introduction & Circuit Review |
HW 1 | |

Lec. 01: | Introduction, circuits, signals & systems | Analyze circuits |

Examples, discrete vs. integrated, signal chains |
||

Lec. 02: | Signals & Amplifiers I | Analyze circuits |

Hierarchy, fundamentals review |
||

Lec. 03: | Signals & Amplifiers II | Analyze circuits |

Module 02: Ideal Operational Amplifiers |
HW 2 | |

Lec. 04: | Ideal Op Amps I | Analyze circuits |

Inverting, noninverting, difference, & inst. amplifiers |
||

Lec. 05: | Ideal Op Amps II | Analyze circuits |

Filters, integrators, differentiators |
||

Lec. 06: | Practical Op Amp Potpourri | Design circuits |

Practically motivated, nonobvious op amp circuits |
||

Module 03: Nonideal Operational Amplifiers |
HW 3 | |

Lec. 07: | Nonideal Op Amps I | Op amp parameters |

Gain error, bandwidth, input/output resistance |
||

Lec. 08: | Nonideal Op Amps II | Op amp parameters |

D.C. offset, offset current, slew rate |
||

Module 04: Semiconductors & PN Junctions |
HW 4 | |

Lec. 09: | Semiconductors I | Understand PN Junc |

Lec. 10: | Semiconductors II | Understand PN Junc |

Module 05: Diodes & Diode Applications |
HW 5 | |

Lec. 11: | Diodes I | Diode Behavior |

Nonlinear circuit elements, ideal diodes, first-glance analysis, rectifiers, gates, min/max circuits, superdiodes, SPICE models |
||

Lec. 12: | Diodes II | Diode Behavior |

Constant-voltage diode model, Small-signal diode model, Voltage regulators, Iterating solutions |
||

Lec. 13: | Diode Circuits/Apps I | Analyze Diode Circ |

Lec. 14: | Diode Circuits/Apps II | Diode Circ Designs |

Midterm Exam 01 (around week 7) |
||

Module 06: MOSFETs |
HW 6 | |

Lec. 15: | MOSFETs as devices | Analyze Transistors |

Lec. 16: | MOSFETs as circuit elements | Analyze Transistors |

Lec. 17: | MOSFET Ciruits I | Transistor Designs |

Lec. 18: | MOSFETs Circuits II | Transistor Designs |

Module 07: BJTs |
HW 7 | |

Lec. 19: | BJTs I | Analyze Transistors |

Lec. 20: | BJTs II | Analyze Transistors |

Lec. 21: | BJT Ciruits I | Transistor Designs |

Lec. 22: | BJT Circuits II | Transistor Designs |

Module 08: Transistor Amplifiers |
HW 8 | |

Lec. 23: | Transistor Amps I | Make Amplifiers |

Lec. 24: | Transistor Amps II | Make Amplifiers |

Lec. 25: | Transistor Amps III | Make Amplifiers |

Midterm Exam 02 (usually before a break) |
||

One-week Break (Thanksgiving/Spring) |
||

No Lecture | ||

No Lecture | ||

Lec. 26: | Practical & Advanced Topics | |

Lec. 27: | Review (as time permits) | |

Final Exam (comprehensive) |